Speech Tour, arranged by Taiwanese Collegian

Spring 2000


About Wi-vun T. Chiung:

Chiung is currently a doctoral student in the linguistics program at the University of Texas at Arlington (UTA). He is also a committee member of Taiwanese Collegian, and the vice president of LINGUA, the UTA linguistics student society. He was the former president of Taiwanese Student Association (1998) at UTA, and the former president of Taiwanese Language Society (1991) at Tamkang University. Chiung has involved in the Taiwanese language movement and participated in the practice of Taiwanese writing

ever since he was a college student. His main publications includes: (1) Haiang, which is a collection of his Taiwanese writings, and (2) The Road to Taiwanese Language, which is a collection (co-ed) of interviews with Taiwanese promoters. For more details about the speaker or topics, please see the Mandarin version or visit his homepage at <http://ling.uta.edu/~taiffalo>


Topic 1: The Anti-Han Movement in the Hanji Cultural Sphere

Hanji cultural sphere indicates those areas that are using or had used Han characters in their writing systems. Therefore, Hanji cultural sphere includes countries such as Taiwan, Vietnam, Korea, Japan, and China. In Vietnam, Korea, and Japan, they have gradually developed their unique and independent orthographies (i.e. ChuNom, Hangul, and Kana) after they had adopted Hanji (Han characters) as the official orthography for a while. The developments of language and orthography in Vietnam, Korea, and Japan coincided with their political independent movements, and finally led to the birth of current modern nation states. In the case of Taiwan, divergent orthographic proposals such as "Roman-only," "Han-only" and "mixed," have reflected the political arguments on national status, i.e. independence, unification, and maintaining the current status. On the other hand, the ambiguous national status also reflects people's uncertain of determinations on the issues of written Taiwanese. This topic deconstructs the dominant Hanji totem and myth from internal aspects (i.e. anti-feudal, anti-illiteracy, and cultural development), and external aspects (i.e. the relationship between these Hanji cultural countries with China).


Topic 2: The Orthographic Evolution in Taiwan: From Singkang Manuscripts in the 17th Century to the Contemporary Written Taiwanese Issues

The first published newspaper in Taiwan is neither "China Times" nor "United Daily News", needless to say, the bo-po-mo "National Language Daily News." Instead, the first published newspaper in Taiwan is "Tai-oan-hu-siaN Kau-hoe-po," which was published in Peh-oe-ji (Taiwanese Romanization) in 1885. This topic begins with the introduction of the Sinkang Manuscripts that had been employed by the Taiwanese indigenous people for a hundred and fifty years since the Dutch colonial period in the 17th century. The following Song-book Hanji, church scripts Peh-oe-ji, and the contemporary written Taiwanese issues are also introduced.


蔣為文簡介:

現在就讀德州大學Arlington校區(UTA)語言所博士班。現任台灣學生社社委,UTA語言學學會副會長。曾任UTA台灣同學會會長(1998),淡江大學台語文社社長(1991)。自大學時期即參與台語文運動及實踐台語文寫作。作品有「海翁台語文集」(台笠出版)及「台語這條路」(台語工作者訪談錄,合著,台笠出版)。研究領域及興趣為台語語言學、社會語言學、語言與族群性別及階級、文字改革、語言計畫、及全球語言生態研究。發表的論文作品主要有「台語書面語的語言態度調查」(碩士論文),「漢字對台灣人的語言認知的影響」,及「台語和華語的語音學上的聲調比較」等。有關演講者的詳細資料,歡迎參觀其homepage <http://ling.uta.edu/~taiffalo>


主題1: 漢字文化圈的脫漢運動

漢字文化圈是指曾經或還在使用漢字的地區? 包含台灣、越南、韓國、日本和中國等。越南、韓國、和日本在過去完全採用漢字做為書寫文字? 然而後來分別產生各自獨立的文字系統--「喃字」、「諺文」、和「假名」。越南、韓國、和日本在語言文字上的發展和其政治上的獨立發展相輔相成,最後形成近代的民族國家。反觀台灣,歧異的台語文主張諸如「全羅」、「全漢」、「漢羅」等反映出台灣人在政治上「獨立」、「統一」與「維持現狀」的徬徨不定;政治上的獨統爭議也反應在語言文字的不同主張。本主題將就「內部因素」,也就是漢字文化圈各地區內部的反封建、反知識壟斷、追求文化發展的訴求,以及「外部因素」,也就是各地區和漢字發源地中國的互動關係,來解構漢字在東亞地區長期扮演的文化支配的角色與地位。

所需設備:幻燈機、投影機、電視、VCR


主題2: 台灣的語言文字演變: 從17世紀的新港文書到當代台語文字

台灣出版的第一份報紙不是「中國時報」、不是「聯合報」、更不是附有ㄅㄆㄇ的「國語日報」,而是1885年用Peh-oe-ji (白話字; 台語羅馬字)出版的「Tai-oan-hu-sian Kau-hoe-po (台灣府城教會報)」。甚至遠在台灣人使用「白話字」和「漢字」之前,台灣平埔族人就已經在利用荷蘭人傳進來的「羅馬字」來書寫其族群語言。本主題將介紹17世紀台灣平埔族人所使用的「新港文書」,及後來陸續傳入台灣的「歌仔冊」漢字、教會白話字,並分析日據時代以來至當代的台語文運動的訴求及台語文字方案。

所需設備:幻燈機、投影機


Schedule

Feb. 12, 2000 Taiwanese Student Association, Arizona State University.

March 24, 2000 Taiwanese Study Group, Columbia University.

March 24, 2000 Taiwanese Student Association, Rutgers University.

March 25, 2000 Taiwanese Student Association, University of Pennsylvania.

April 13, 2000 East Asian Languages dept. and East West Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa.

April 14, 2000 Taiwanese Study Society, University of Hawaii at Manoa.

April 21, 2000 Taiwanese Student Association, Ohio State University.

Dec. 2, 2000 Taiwanese Student Association, Indiana University.

Dec. 9, 2000 Taiwanese American Association, Huntsville, Alabama.